Project duration: 18 months
Scientific field: Energy, environment and climate change;
Sub-field: Environment and climate change;
Abstract: The activity and diversity of soil microorganisms that are important for the ecological functions of soil might be decreased by the combined drivers of anthropogenic activities and climate change. According with literature there are gaps in knowledge concerning issues of climate change, anthropogenic and geoclimatic gradients impact on soil microbiodiversity structure and functioning. Filling these gaps and understanding the ways how these changes alter soil functioning will allow to develop strategies and coping techniques for adaptation and/or mitigation of challenges raised by drivers of global changes. Therefore, it is a need for an improved appreciation of the spatial patterns of, and factors that control soil microbial biomass and communities. Thus, MICROPROFILE major goal is to collect data on how anthropogenic and geoclimatic gradients impact soil microbiodiversity in order to could identify connection and relations on how these could have an impact on soil functioning. To achieve these goals MICROPROFILE consortia will use novel approaches (optimized PLFA through inoculum isolation BAME combined with ester linked fatty acid) and software tools (identification of current DNA species using BP artificial neural networks and fuzzy mathematical theories) to characterize soil microbiodiversity community structure and pattern under current and future challenges of global changes.
Institution from Romania: INCDO-INOE 2000, Research Institute for Analytical Instrumentation, ICIA
Institution from China: College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Beijing, China
MICROPROFILE goal and specific objectives: The overall aim of MICROPROFILE is to collect data on how anthropogenic and geoclimatic gradients impact soil microbiodiversity in order to could draw connection and relations on how these could have an impact on soil functioning.
MICROPROFILE specific objectives are:
- Identification and establishment of soil microbial biomass and communities’ structure and variation among different geographical and geoclimatic region;
- Evaluate how changes of climatic gradients could impact soil microbial biomass and communities’ structure and related soil functions (enzymatic activities involved in C, N and P cycling, and pollutants degradation; etc.);
- Establish how land use and management activities could perturb soil microbial biomass and communities’ structure and related soil functions;
- Evaluate how exiting pollution, at local level, have impact on soil microbial biomass and communities’ structure and related soil functions.