development of the research capacities of ICIA by the development of the Laboratory of food quality control with a new component: the control of the chemical residues in food products;
diversification of the research activity and the rising of the capacity to access the European funds.
|DESCRIPTION||Lately, a new interdisciplinary science has been developed, with the purpose to ensure the food safety, which deal with the complex issues of toxicity on people health of biologically active compounds resulted from chemical substances which contaminate the food (residues). According to Codex Alimentarius Commission, CAC: „residues are those substances and their derivatives which reach the food by agrochemical ways and the use of different chemical compounds utilized in animal raising, animal illnesses treatment, food obtaining processes, packaging, transport and storage of food”.
CCFAC-Codes Committee on Food Additives and Contaminants elaborates a document named Codex General Standard in Contaminants and Toxins in Food, which contain the basis principles for the food quality control. The food quality control and food safety need to be assured by legislation at national level in concordance with international legislation. Determination of concentration at nanoscale level of chemical residues in food is a very actual field and a compulsory condition in food quality assurance and food safety.
A basis requirement in the program of negotiation for the integration was the assurance of free movement of the products. Food needs to accomplish an essential condition: they do not have to contain harmful substances for the consumers. The presence of harmful substances in food has concerned and preoccupied the specialists, from many years, this problem receiving a new dimension due to increasing environment pollution and the uncontrolled utilization of some chemical substances with the purpose of rising food quality. The unfavorable effects on the consumers could be acute or chronic illnesses with severe consequences on health condition and work capacity.
In the last years, a new pollutant class drawn the scientist’s attention, namely pharmaceutical residues. The pharmaceuticals administered to home-breed animals, including antibiotics, hormones, anesthetics, tranquillizers, chemotherapic for cancer, begin to be measured as residues in different products. In addition, there is the tendency not to discern the drugs as pollutant factor, although there is a high probability they could be transferred as residues, and till 90% of a drug could leave the organism unmodified. In UK there has been reported the effects on human health of veterinary drugs residues. Veterinary drugs are biologically active compounds, and their residues which reach the animal originating food have biological effects on consumers, that could accumulate. The most important problem is the determination of admitted limit concentrations (which, in some cases, they are compulsory absent) in food products, without illness risks. European Medicines Evaluation Agency (EMEA) is responsible about these limit concentrations.
The use of veterinary pharmaceuticals is highly important in decreasing mortality and animal illnesses, but imposes also the residues control in animal originating food, because their presence has effects on food quality, on people health and nutrition. Thus, it is imposed the presence control and determination at nanoscale of these chemical residues in food.
Beginning with year 2000, when, European Council started adherence negotiations with Romania, there was opened a new perspective to approach the issues regarding the food quality. Thus, there is legislation for “chemical contaminants” in food products. In this context the term “chemical contaminant” covers the pesticide residues and veterinary drugs, heavy metals, mycotoxins and nitrates. EU legislation regarding veterinary drugs residues in animal originated food products are described in Council Regulation 2377/90 din 01.01.1992. In this context, a proposed laboratory as REZALIM, capable to determine the quality of animal originated food products represent an important aspect towards alignment with EU legislation. REZALIM is an answer to these requirements
|RESULTS ESTIMATED||It is estimated that REZALIM, as a developed structure in ICIA, where work many professors and students from Cluj-Napoca Universities, besides ICIA specialists, will accomplish:
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